Our bodies need nutrients to function. They provide energy to move and the means to repair damaged cells. Most of our nutrients are obtained by digestion of food. The nutrients are then transported throughout the body. There are two classes, micro- and macro-nutrients.
Micronutrients are the vitamins and minerals. These nutrients are necessary to allow the body to produce everything necessary for proper growth and development. We require relatively smaller amount of these nutrients on a daily basis. Deficiencies in these nutrients can have serious health impacts. Vitamins and minerals are essential for proper health. Most of the time we can meet our bodies' needs for these with healthier food choices.
Macronutrients are the carbohydrates, proteins, and fats we eat in our food. These are the workhorses of the nutrients we process. We need large amounts of these nutrients on a daily basis. Carbohydrates are used as an energy resource. Protein and Fats are used with micronutrients for various vital functions. Each of these macronutrients serves a purpose in our proper health. Most of our meals are combinations of these macronutrients.
We will go into more detailed information about these nutrients in future blog posts.